ImageTitleSummaryCategoriesTopicsSourceDate Publisheddocument_category_hfiltertopic_hfilter
5 Easy Steps to Compost
5 Easy Steps to Compost

Interested in managing your horse’s manure through composting? This guide provides information on how to build and use a horse manure composting system. A small download fee applies for this document.

HorsesManure ManagementHorses for Clean Water2005horses agriculturemanure-management agriculture
Adding Legumes to Predominantly Grass Pastures
Adding Legumes to Predominantly Grass Pastures

Learn how to incorporate legumes into a predominantly grass pasture; including legume seeding rates.

CattleForage ManagementNRCS2013cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture
Agronomy Handbook
Agronomy Handbook

This handbook is packed full of information on Virginia crops (including forage) and soils, hay recommendations (Inc. seeding and storage), information on pasture and nutrient management, and more.

Cattle, Crops, Hay, Horses, Small RuminantsForage Management, Grazing Management, Hay Making, Soil TestingVCE2000cattle crops hay horses small-ruminants agricultureforage-management grazing-management hay-making soil-testing agriculture
Big Bale Storage Losses; how different options stack up
Big Bale Storage Losses; how different options stack up

Learn how different bale storage options compare based on dry matter loss.

HayHay MakingUW Madison2007hay agriculturehay-making agriculture
Common Plants Causing Toxicity to Horses in Virginia
Common Plants Causing Toxicity to Horses in Virginia

There are a number of common pasture weeds that are toxic to horses, some only being toxic under certain environmental conditions. Learn to identify toxic plants, notice signs of toxicity, and treat weeds with this guide.

HorsesForage Management, Invasive speciesVCE2009horses agricultureforage-management invasive-species agriculture
Constructing a Sacrifice Area for Horse Operations
Constructing a Sacrifice Area for Horse Operations

This document provides information on creating a sacrifice area including; location, sizing, construction, and maintenance.

HorsesGrazing Management, Winter FeedingNVSWCDhorses agriculturegrazing-management winter-feeding agriculture
Control of Common Grassy Weeds in Pastures and Hayfields
Control of Common Grassy Weeds in Pastures and Hayfields

Learn about weed management and herbicide application for common pasture weeds; including Johnsongrass, Japanese Stiltgrass, Broomsedge, and Foxtails.

Cattle, HayForage ManagementVCE2018cattle hay agricultureforage-management agriculture
Control of Common Pasture and Hayfield Weeds in Virginia and West Virginia
Control of Common Pasture and Hayfield Weeds in Virginia and West Virginia

Need information on controlling weeds in your pastures? This document discusses when and how to control weeds commonly found in Virginia pastures.

Cattle, Hay, Horses, Small RuminantsForage ManagementVCE2009cattle hay horses small-ruminants agricultureforage-management agriculture
Controlled Grazing of Virginia’s Pastures
Controlled Grazing of Virginia’s Pastures

Learn about the benefits of controlled grazing, how controlled grazing influences pasture plants, and how to establish, manage, and extend a controlled grazing system.

CattleGrazing ManagementVCE2009cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Converting Pastures to Native Warm Season Grasses: Forage for Drought in Bedford County
Converting Pastures to Native Warm Season Grasses: Forage for Drought in Bedford County

Planting warm season grasses helps maintain productivity during summer months susceptible to drought conditions. This article describes the process of a Virginia farmer’s conversion to warm season grasses.

CattleForage ManagementVCE2020cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture
Cover Crops for All Seasons
Cover Crops for All Seasons

Interested in planting cover crops? This document provides information about different cover crop species.

CropsCover CropsVABF2006crops agriculturecover-crops agriculture
Creating and Using a Sacrifice Area for Horses
Creating and Using a Sacrifice Area for Horses

Sacrifice areas are important to increase pasture health and productivity. This article discusses why to use a sacrifice area and how to create a sacrifice area. It goes over important criteria when deciding how to build your sacrifice area, such as location, size, fencing type, and footing.

HorsesManure ManagementHorses for Clean Water2015horses agriculturemanure-management agriculture
Electric Fencing
Electric Fencing

If you’re interested in installing electric fencing, this is a good guide for installation.

CattleGrazing ManagementNRCS2005cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs
Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs

Learn how to extend your grazing season through mixed species planting, stockpiling forage, grazing management, and unique grazing opportunities.

CattleGrazing ManagementGLCI2008cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Five Keys to Better Pastures
Five Keys to Better Pastures

This document discusses five steps to improve your horse pastures. A small download fee applies for this document.

HorsesForage Management, Grazing ManagementHorses for Clean Water2005horses agricultureforage-management grazing-management agriculture
Forage Establishment: Getting Off to a Good Start
Forage Establishment: Getting Off to a Good Start

Learn how to establish forage species, control weeds, adjust soil fertility and PH, and choose the right forage species.

Cattle, HayForage ManagementVCE2009cattle hay agricultureforage-management agriculture
Forage Growth and Management Effects
Forage Growth and Management Effects

Are you grazing your grasses to the proper height? Use this guide to learn about optimal grazing heights.

Cattle, HayForage Management, Grazing ManagementNRCS2005cattle hay agricultureforage-management grazing-management agriculture
Grazing Management and Soil Health
Grazing Management and Soil Health

Proper grazing management helps improve soil health. Stocking rate, livestock rotation, utilization rate, and plant rest time are important aspects of good grazing management.

CattleGrazing ManagementNRCS2016cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Hay and Pasture Herbicide Guide
Hay and Pasture Herbicide Guide

Learn how to control common pasture weeds with herbicide use. This guide provides example applications for common weeds including application times.

Cattle, HayForage ManagementVCE2016cattle hay agricultureforage-management agriculture
Hay basics
Hay basics

Learn the basics for cutting hay with this guide, including at what maturity stage to harvest based on forage type.

HayHay MakingNRCS2005hay agriculturehay-making agriculture
Hay Making: Quality vs. Stage of Maturity
Hay Making: Quality vs. Stage of Maturity

Learn when to harvest various forage species for hay production, and the effect of harvest stage on various hay quality metrics.

HayHay MakingAgWeb2011hay agriculturehay-making agriculture
Horse Manure Management
Horse Manure Management

Manure management is important to keep the environment and horses healthy. Learn about proper manure storage including how to compost manure.

HorsesManure ManagementHorses Ext2020horses agriculturemanure-management agriculture
Insect Control in Field Crops
Insect Control in Field Crops

Learn about different types of insects that occur on forage or crops and recommendations on insect control methods.

CropsInsect ControlVCE2019crops agricultureinsect-control agriculture
Maintaining Healthy Horse Pastures
Maintaining Healthy Horse Pastures

Learn some tips about horse pasture management and design.

HorsesForage Management, Grazing ManagementVCE2009horses agricultureforage-management grazing-management agriculture
Managing Grassland for Profit
Managing Grassland for Profit

Learn about rotational grazing management, the pros and cons of grazing systems, and considerations for your grazing operation. When planning a grazing system, it’s important to consider forage management, water availability, fencing plans, soil fertility, and weed / brush control.

CattleGrazing ManagementNRCS2000cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Managing Virginia’s Steep Pastures
Managing Virginia’s Steep Pastures

Learn how to manage steep pastures for longer productivity; including recommended forage mixtures, weed control, fertilization, fencing, and grazing.

Cattle, Horses, Small RuminantsGrazing ManagementVCE2009cattle horses small-ruminants agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Multispecies Grazing: A Primer on Diversity
Multispecies Grazing: A Primer on Diversity

Multispecies grazing can increase carrying capacity, control parasites, help manage weeds, and provide safety from predators. Learn about the benefits and considerations for multispecies grazing.

Cattle, Horses, Small RuminantsGrazing ManagementLee Rinehart2018cattle horses small-ruminants agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Native Warm-Season Grasses
Native Warm-Season Grasses

Learn to identify, establish, and manage warm season grasses using this plant guide.

Cattle, Hay, HorsesForage ManagementUTE2007cattle hay horses agricultureforage-management agriculture
No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes
No-Till Seeding of Forage Grasses and Legumes

Learn the value of no-till seeding, and when to use broadcast frost seeding or no-till drilling to establish grasses and legumes. This article provides information on seeding rates, mixtures, and herbicide use.

Cattle, HayForage ManagementVCE2009cattle hay agricultureforage-management agriculture
Non-Native Invasive Plant Species Control Treatments
Non-Native Invasive Plant Species Control Treatments

This guide provides management tactics for timing, methods and herbicide rates to control Non-native invasive plants found in Virginia.

Cattle, Crops, Hay, Horses, Small RuminantsInvasive speciesDOF2018cattle crops hay horses small-ruminants agricultureinvasive-species agriculture
Pasture Management by the Seasons
Pasture Management by the Seasons

Use this pasture management by the seasons resource to assist in creating or updating your pasture management schedule.

HorsesGrazing ManagementPenn State Extension2018horses agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Planned Grazing
Planned Grazing

Learn the benefits of rotational grazing systems, and considerations when planning for your own operation. Rotational grazing has benefits for livestock nutrition, parasite control, and soil health.

CattleGrazing ManagementHereford World2011cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Planning Fencing Systems For Controlled Grazing
Planning Fencing Systems For Controlled Grazing

Learn how to plan your fencing layout for a controlled grazing system. Considerations include fixed and temporary fencing, forage type, water supply, and shade.

Cattle, Horses, Small RuminantsGrazing ManagementVCE2019cattle horses small-ruminants agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Rolling out fertility
Rolling Out Fertility

Rolling out hay is a great way to feed livestock in the winter months. Read about one farmers experience with rolling out hay.

CattleForage Management, Winter FeedingHighland Cattlecattle agricultureforage-management winter-feeding agriculture
Rotation Considerations
Rotation Considerations

Learn how to plan a grazing system based on number of grazing days and resting days.

CattleGrazing ManagementNRCS2005cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Soil Sampling and pH Management for Forages
Soil Sampling and pH Management for Forages

Soil sampling and proper pH are important for forage production. Learn how and when to test your pastures, and the impact of pH on soil.

Cattle, Hay, Horses, Small RuminantsForage Management, Soil TestingNRCS2005cattle hay horses small-ruminants agricultureforage-management soil-testing agriculture
Soil Test Note No. 2 – Field Crops
Soil Test Note No. 2 – Field Crops

This document explains when and how to apply lime, nitrogen, and phosphorous to field crops.

CropsSoil TestingVCE2014crops agriculturesoil-testing agriculture
Soil Test Note No. 3 – Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops
Soil Test Note No. 3 – Liming and Fertilization of Cool-Season Forage Crops

This document explains how to apply nitrogen and fertilizer to pasture and hay fields.

Cattle, HayForage Management, Soil TestingVCE2019cattle hay agricultureforage-management soil-testing agriculture
Stockpiling Tall Fescue
Stockpiling Tall Fescue

Stockpiling tall fescue is a great way to extend the grazing season. Learn about the four key decisions when stockpiling; Field Selection, Timing, Fertility, and Utilization by Livestock.

CattleForage Management, Grazing Management, Winter FeedingNRCS2005cattle agricultureforage-management grazing-management winter-feeding agriculture
Streamside Livestock Exclusion
Streamside Livestock Exclusion

Learn about the benefits of excluding livestock from streams, how to exclude livestock from streams, and what programs are available for assistance.

CattleGrazing ManagementDCR, VCE2012cattle agriculturegrazing-management agriculture
Tall Fescue Characteristics and Management
Tall Fescue Characteristics and Management

Learn about the endophytic fungus associated with Tall Fescue; how it spreads, and practical solutions.

CattleForage ManagementNRCS2005cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture
Tall Fescue, Endophytes and Alkaloids, and Fescue Toxicosis
Tall Fescue, Endophytes and Alkaloids, and Fescue Toxicosis

Learn about the growth and nutritional value of Tall Fescue, and the impacts of Endophyte Infected Fescue on livestock.

Cattle, HayForage ManagementVCE2019cattle hay agricultureforage-management agriculture
Understanding Forage Quality
Understanding Forage Quality

Learn what affects forage quality (temperature, maturity, and leaf-to-stem ratio, etc.), how to sample hay and pasture forage, animal forage needs, and economics impacts.

CattleForage ManagementUW Extension2001cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture
Using a Summer Stockpiling System to Extend the Grazing Season
Using a Summer Stockpiling System to Extend the Grazing Season

Learn how to summer stockpile pastures in order to save forage for late summer / early Fall. This article provides information about summer stockpiled forage yield and quality.

CattleWinter FeedingVCE2017cattle agriculturewinter-feeding agriculture
Using Annual Forages and Improved Grazing Management to Build Soil Health and Improve System Performance
Using Annual Forages and Improved Grazing Management to Build Soil Health and Improve System Performance

Learn how different annual forage mixtures compare in yield, cover, quality, and cost.

CattleForage ManagementVFGC2018cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Forage Species for Horse Pastures
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Forage Species for Horse Pastures

It’s important to choose forages that are well adapted to the local conditions, highly productive, and nutritional. This guide discusses different forage species found in Virginia, the conditions they are adapted to, and their productivity.

HorsesForage ManagementVCE2009horses agricultureforage-management agriculture
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Grazing Management
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Grazing Management

Read about grazing management tips for healthy horses. Topics include rotating and resting pasture, using sacrifice areas, providing hay, and mowing maintenance.

HorsesForage Management, Grazing ManagementVCE2009horses agricultureforage-management grazing-management agriculture
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Renovating Old Pastures
Virginia’s Horse Pastures: Renovating Old Pastures

Interested in renovating your pastures? This article discusses a series of practices to improve your pastures.

HorsesForage ManagementVCE2009horses agricultureforage-management agriculture
What to Expect When Stockpiling and Strip-grazing Tall Fescue
What to Expect When Stockpiling and Strip-grazing Tall Fescue

Read about five livestock farmers and their experience with stockpiling and strip grazing for the first time. Learn how the farmers stockpiled and strip-grazed, the results from the practices, and farmer tips for stockpiling and strip-grazing.

CattleForage Management, Grazing Management, Winter FeedingVCE, USDA, CBF, NRCS2013cattle agricultureforage-management grazing-management winter-feeding agriculture
Winter Seeding Methods to Establish Clover in Permanent Pasture
Winter Seeding Methods to Establish Clover in Permanent Pasture

A pasture experiment was conducted comparing the effectiveness of broadcast frost seeding and no-till drilling to establish clover. The results found the two methods to be equally effective.

CattleForage ManagementVCE2010cattle agricultureforage-management agriculture